The police is an embodiment of an assigned state of putting in or practicing enforcement of law, to protect life and property and reduce civil disorder in civilian matters. The powers of police include the use of legal force. The term is very frequently related to services of police in state which have been empowered to implement the police power of that particular state within the limits of described legal or territorial vicinity of accountability. Very often Police forces are defined as institutions distinct from other armed forces, or other organizations which are involved in providing defense to the state against foreign and alien attackers; however, military police and gendarmerie are units of the armed forces responsible with policing.
Enforcing law, however, comprises only an element of policing action. Policing comprises a wide range of activities for various circumstances, but the most important services are related to the maintenance of law and order. In other societies, during the late 18th century and early 19th century, these services were developed within the purview of upholding the class system and the protection of private property.
Police forces have been given other names that included constabulary, gendarmerie, police department, police service, crime prevention, protective services, law enforcement agency, civil guard or civic guard. Various posts in a police department can be police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards. Police of the Soviet-era Eastern Europe are (or were) called militsiya. The Irish police are called the Garda Síochána ("guardians of the peace"); a police officer is called a garda. As police are frequently in quarrel with individuals, slang terms are numerous. Many slang terms for police officers are decades or centuries old with lost etymology.
Police In India
Police in India is found in every state and territory. Every state has a unique police force and its own distinct State Police Service, headed by the Commissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police (DGP) who is an Indian Police Service officer. The Indian Police Service is not an agency that enforces law in its own right; but it is the institution where all senior police officers of all states originate irrespective of the Indian police agency that they work for. The state police in India is responsible for upholding law and order in cities, towns and rural areas in all the states.
Structure Of Indian State Police
Indian Police Service (IPS)
The Indian Police Service, simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is among the three All India Services of the Government of India. In 1948, one year after India’s independence from the British, the Imperial Police (IP) was reconstituted as the Indian Police Service.
The Indian Police Service is not an agency that enforces law; but it is a civil service through which officers are selected based on professional merit in competitive examinations, and by which all police officers are recognized professionally. Indian Police officers are employed by the various police departments in the respective Indian states.
State Metropolitan Police
Bangalore City Police | Delhi Police | Greater Chennai Police | Hyderabad City Police | Kolkata Police | Kochi City Police | Mumbai Police | Nagpur Police | Pune Police | Thiruvananthapuram City Police